Amazon Rainforest Climate
Fluctuations in the Amazon rainforest climate
over millions of year have resulted in the expansion and contraction of the rainforest across the continent of South America. Even during glacial periods in the Earth's history, the relatively warm Amazon climate allowed the survival and development of a diverse range of flora and fauna, today one of the main attractions of the region.
It is believed that the rainforest formed during the Eocene era, from 34 to 56 million years ago. At this time, the Atlantic ocean gave rise to a warm, moist region, although this was closer to a savanna-type region than today's climate.
Even during glacial periods in the Earth's history, the relatively warm climate of Amazon rainforest allowed the survival and development of a diverse range of flora and fauna, today one of the main attractions of the region.
The Amazon rainforest of South America encompasses over 1.4 billion acres, including land belonging to nine nations. Most of the Amazon rainforest is located within Brazil, with 60%, followed by Peru, with 14% of the rainforest.
Both its proximity to the Amazon river and its location on the equator affect the Amazon rainforest climate, which is known as a selva climate. The rainforest receives nine feet or more of rain each year. In the Amazon, rains tend to be monsoon-like, starting just as suddenly as they stop.
While the Amazon climate is notoriously wet, there is a dry season as well as a wet season. Year-round average temperatures are around 79 degrees; the Amazon rainforest climate remains warm and humid even during the dry season.
The change of seasons tends to be more visible at the edges of the rainforest; in much of it, the Amazon climate, especially the temperature, varies less from season to season than from night to day.
During the annual snowmelt, between June and October, the level of the Amazon river rises by as much as 45 feet, flooding millions of acres of rainforest.
Today, many scientists are concerned that the unique climate of the Amazon rainforest is being threatened by both climate change and deforestation.
Already more than 20% of the rainforest has been destroyed in the past century. Because the Amazon is home to an unparalleled variety of plants and animals, there is great reason for concern over this vanishing ecosystem.
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.Amazon Rainforest Deforestation
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Amazon Rainforest Climate
Fluctuations in the Amazon rainforest climate over millions of year have resulted in the expansion and contraction of the rainforest across the continent of South America.
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