"Your Guide to the Inca Empire"
About Peru History

Hiram Bingham
Machu Picchu founder

Hiram Bingham, Machu Picchu founder


Hiram Bingham Machu Picchu founder, was a student of both Yale Harvard and Berkley Universities in America, Bingham was dedicated to academia from a young age. His passion for Latin America would lead to his monumental discovery of Machu Picchu 4 years after his placement at Yale.



The man who discovered one of the greatest historical sites the world has uncovered is certainly a major point of interest. Hiram Bingham was born on the 19th of November, 1875. He went on to become an academic, working in Universities such as Princeton and later Yale, where he was appointed lecturer in South American history.

Bingham's passion for Latin American would lead to his monumental discovery of Machu Picchu 4 years after his placement at Yale. In the meantime Bingham's interest in archaeology grew and he began to focus much of his attention on the site of Machu Picchu in Peru.

Hiram Bingham Machu Picchu founder, returned from a trip to Chile and he was by chance persuaded to visit the town of Choquequirao, a pre-Columbian city. This visit spurred Bingham's interest in the ancient Inca city and by 1911 Bingham had returned to Peru to explore his greatest fascination, the Inca site of Machu Picchu.


Bingham, photo 1911
Machu Picchu - Bingham, photo 1911


By this stage most of the world had forgotten about Machu Picchu, however the Yale expedition team, which set out on the 24th of June, would soon drastically reinforce the world's recognition of the pre-Columbian site. The first step in Bingham's discovery of Machu Picchu was his discovery of the last Inca capital, Vitcos.

Hiram Bingham began his ascent of the 21,763 ft Mount Coropuma, which would lead to the monumental discovery of the site of Machu Picchu. Bingham's trip to the Inca site would be further resounded by his return visits in 1912 and 1915 with the National Geographic Society, whose presence would ensure the recognition of Machu Picchu as a truly astounding historical uncovery.

On arrival to the citadel, he would have found it covered in over four centuries of vegetation. The incas used it,and its surroundings, as farm land and therefore Bingham would have arrived to find quite a wild and hidden ancient citadel.

Bingham Machu Picchu discovery was the most influential and highlighted the importance of the Inca citadel to a world in which it had been largely forgotten, and through the involvement of National Geographic and the increased publicity surrounding it, the magnificence of Machu Picchu could be comprehended and understood by an audience around the world.





Machu Picchu Cusco Travel

Guided Trips to Machu Picchu
Choosing one of the tours of Machu Picchu will make you marvel with the Lost city of the Incas, the Sacsaywaman fortress, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of Wiracocha, Cusco Cathedral, Lares and its lost comunities, etc.

Inca Trail Holiday Tours
An inca trail holiday will impress you with great lakes, snow-capped mountains, vast valleys and Inca ruins.

Temple of the Sun Machu Picchu
The Temple of the Sun Machu Picchu is among the many intact remnants of Inca culture that can be seen in Peru.

Machu Picchu Tourism
Machu Picchu tourism is an amazing experience, one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of South American civilization.


Visiting Machu Picchu

If you are planing to travel to Machu Picchu, "The Lost City of the Incas", prepare your soul for an idyllic dream.
Explore the sacred valleys, mountains, temples, ruins and trails. Try to find answers to the enigma around The lost city of the Incas, a misterious city. Roads, steps, fountains, temples and spectacular views are just a sample of what you will find when travelling to Machu Picchu.

Travel to Machu Picchu


Facts Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, is nestled 7,500 feet above sea level in the Andean mountain range above the Urubamba valley.
Many questions remain unanswered but here are a few generally accepted ideas about this ancient city on a mountain peak. Like the pyramids of Egypt, it was created using massive stones hauled over great distances. Inca structures were highly resistant to earthquakes and it’s one of the reasons Machu Picchu is still standing today.

Facts Machu Picchu


The Inca Trail

The Inca Trail is a mountainous jungle hike that take you to the Lost City of the Incas. It is usually covered in 4 days (about 45 Kilometers) arriving at Machu Picchu on the final day before returning to Cusco.
You will reach altitudes of 4200m and enjoy spectacular views along the way. It is rated moderate so any person reasonably fit will be able to cover the route. Probably one of the most significant features of Machu Picchu history is the architecture.

Machu Picchu Trail


Ancient Machu Picchu

The site of Machu Picchu has been described as an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization. It is without a doubt one of the most worthy and possibly life changing sites there is in the world.

Ancient Machu Picchu


Machu Picchu Architecture

The sprawling complex of Machu Picchu architecture, at an elevation of nearly 8,000 feet above sea level, often appears to merge with the surrounding hillside.

Machu Picchu Architecture


Machu Picchu Inca

Based on evidence, it has been suggested that the Machu Picchu Inca Citadel was built for the Inca emperor Pachacuti, however there are other various theories on the purpose of the site including one that suggests it was a settlement built to control the economy of the Inca regions.

Machu Picchu Inca


Hiram Bingham, Machu Picchu founder

Hiram Bingham was born on the 19th of November, 1875. He went on to become an academic, working in Universities such as Princeton and later Yale, where he was appointed lecturer in South American history.

Bingham Machu Picchu


Huayna Picchu

Huayna Picchu or Wayna Picchu is one of the famous mountain images in the world. With a height of 2667 meters above sea level, it beautifully raises over Machu Picchu.
The most interesting thing here is the view of the Lost City of the Incas and the Urubamba river to the bottom of the Canyon, you can even hear its turbulent waters from such a high altitude.


Huayna Picchu


Machu Picchu Weather

Machu Picchu weather is divided between dry and wet seasons. Most of the annual rainfall occurs from October to April, although it is not unusual for the summertime Machu Picchu weather to include rainstorms.

Machu Picchu Weather


Cusco to Machu Picchu Train

Many people choose to hike the Inca Trail to get to Machu Picchu, but many more are limited by time so they choose to take the train (It's a 70 mile-112 km ride). The train sets out for Machu Picchu and arrives in Aguas Calientes. There is a shorter route that also leads to the lost city of the Incas, it is the Ollanta route, and begins in the main intermediate station, Ollanta.

Machu Picchu Train



Go from Hiram Bingham Machu Picchu to Travel to Machu Picchu


Facts Machu Picchu






About Peru History, "Your Guide to the Inca Empire"

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