Chavin Culture and Art
The Chavin Culture was established from Lambayeque to Palpa (Ica) to the Coast and from Cajamarca to Ayacucho towards the Highlands between the years 900-200 B.C. It started as a cultural-religious movement and is considered the "cultural matrix" of the Andean civilization.
Chavin de Huantar is located in the province of Huari - Ancash, 300 km north of Lima and 3117 meters above sea level. There you´ll find the ruins of a magical-religious center of the pre-Incan era that is one of the most important archaeological monuments of Peru.
Chavin people worked gold, silver, copper and probably some alloys. Ceramics had an important development at the time, it was mainly monochrome (black, gray, brown). Cats, eagles and snakes motifs are represented in the Chavin pottery artwork.
Stone heads and monoliths are the expression and sculptural best known features of the Chavin art. Their style in art and decoration included scrolls, simple curves, straight lines, and images of wild animals.
Carved stone mortars, bone tubes and spatulas were found in Chavin art. Pottery was found in many forms, including bottles and bowls, decorated with a great variety of distinctive elements.
Mochica or Moche culture emerged and developed in the centuries I and VII, taking place in the long and narrow strip of desert on the north coast of Peru where the remains of their pyramid temples, palaces, fortresses and irrigation systems are proof of their high artistic development and technological and complex organization.
The Moche innovated technology and metallurgical production with intensive use of copper in the manufacture of ornaments, weapons and tools.
Moche Culture and Art
The art of the Chavín culture (900-200 B.C) influenced all its neighbours and was felt long after its decline. The Chavín was not a warlike culture and spread its influence through peaceful interaction.
The Chavin influenced an area covering most of the northern Peru's highlands and coast. It is believed they worshipped the jaguars, since this animal appears in many of their pottery.
This period represents the greatest early development in weaving, pottery and agriculture.
Chavin Culture and Art
The Chimu Culture built a capital at Chan Chan, north of Trujillo. Chan Chan is the largest pre-Columbian city in Peru, covering about 20 sq km, and is estimated to have housed about 50,000 people.
Pottery from the Chimu Culture was mass-produced and manufactured from readily available clay found along the coast of Peru. Head cups, head vases, etc. are typical of the Chimu Culture. The winged eyes used in their artwork are said to be the eyes of dead souls, and it looks like they were meant to be funerary items. Designs on the cup rim, back, and sides resemble Mesoamerican writing.
Chimu Culture and Art
The unique materials and beautiful designs used to create Peruvian bracelets make it ideal for both personal adornment and loving gifts for friends and family.
The beautiful Peruvian hats offer shelter and comfort. They are made in Peru using Andean naturals colors. The smoothness of the inca hats impress you and the thermal protection is perfect for low temperatures.
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