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About Peru History

Huanuco Peru

Huanuco Peru
Plaza de Armas, Huanuco. Alexander Chiu Werner - Flickr

The Department of Huanuco Peru is located in the central part of the country between the Cordillera Occidental and the Ucayali river. Due to its special location (Eastern Central Peru), Huanuco has peaks, ridges, valleys and Amazon jungle.

Huanuco has a land area of 35.315 km2 and a population of over 600 000 inhabitants. The capital of the department of Huanuco is the city of Huanuco. Among other major cities, it includes (and should not be missed) Tingo María, Dos de Mayo, Ambo, Leoncio Prado and Pachitea.

Huanuco Peru History

If we speak of the first settlers of Huanuco (according to historians), it was populated by big men from the Amazon. They were occupying the valleys of the rivers Huallaga, Marañón and Pachitea forming their own indigenous cultures. The first immigrants settled on the left bank of the Huallaga river, always in pursuit of the Upper Maranon. The name of the department come from the ancient village of guanacos, which dominated the entire region.

Huanuco Peru
Churubamba Valley, Huanuco Peru. Alexander Chiu Werner - Flickr

The importance of this department is not only its geographical location and historical past, but also the richness of their land, where human presence date back to ancient times. Among its most typical examples include "The Man of Lauricocha" and the remains of the earliest human occupation of America: Kotosh, the temple of the crossed hands.

Under the existing boundaries of the Huánuco Region, different nations inhabited and whose cultural status varied. Among them were the Chupachos, Panataguas and others. The area was inhabited by different ethnic groups, who after a severe resistance to the Inca empire, were incorporated into it, thus making Huánuco-passed via the route Cusco-Cajamarca and vice versa. Evidence of this is the citadel of Huánuco Pampa or Huánuco Marca.

During the period of emancipation, Huanuco was one of the first cities to promote the independence of Peru in the early nineteenth century.

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