Kuelap Peru in the department of Amazonas is unique for its features and can not be compared with any other archaeological remains. This fortress is the largest stone structure in South America, Kuelap is the "Machu Picchu" of North Peru. It is older than the Inka structure and uses more brickwork (by weight) than the Great Pyramids.
Kuelap is formed by a series of embankments of approximately 20 meters wide. It has three funnel-shaped entrances, with a width of three meters on the outside and 70 inches in the interior, which were intended to facilitate control and security when accesing the city.
Kuelap Peru is 584 meters long and 110 meters wide with walls protecting the city of up to 20 meters high. The Sachapuyos built imposing citadels on the top of the mountains to make the most of the arable land and defend themselves against their enemies. One of these is the Walled City of Kuelap, which harmonizes with the incomparable beauty of the region's landscape, a beautiful work of art at 3000 m.
The name derives from the deformation of the word "Cónlap" which is the name of the people who inhabited the area and tributed to the Spanish in the late sixteenth century. Some people say the city, discovered in 1841 by Judge 1st. Juan Crisostomo Nieto, was inhabited between 500 and 1000 AD and that 25'000, 000 cubic meters of material was used for its construction, three times the volume of the Great Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.
The residents of Kuelap left the city before the arrival of the Spanish for reasons not yet discovered. There is still much to discover and investigate in Kuelap Peru!
How to Get to Kuelap
To get to Kuelap, you must first reach the capital city of Chachapoyas in the department of Amazonas. It is Located in the north-eastern Peru at 2.335 m above sea level. Chachapoyas, whose name comes from the native word "chachapoyacuno" which means "forest or cloud forest - was founded on September 5, 1538 by Alonso de Alvarado, becoming at the time colonial capital of eastern Peru because it was the starting point for expeditions seeking the conquest and colonization of the Amazon.
To reach the fortified city of Kuelap, you have to take (in Chachapoyas) the vehicle going to the village of Tingo. After four hours drive, you reach the end of the road, from this point you must go up to Kuelap, located on top of a mountain, through a stone staircase surrounded by orchids. The journey takes about 20 minutes.
Trekking enthusiasts can make the journey on foot, on a long journey that connects Chachapoyas to Kuelap. Another option is to take a transport from Chachapoyas and get off at the town of Tingo (two hours away by bus), and then begin the ascent to Kuelap, you should not carry much weight because the walk is quite arduous. For a person with experience in Trekking, it will take about 3 hours and for an inexperienced more than six. This route is long and tough.
kuelap is the "Machu Picchu" of North Peru. It is older than the Inka structure and uses more brickwork (by weight) than the Great Pyramids.
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