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Machu Picchu Architecture

Machu Picchu Architecture

The sprawling complex of Machu Picchu architecture, at an elevation of nearly 8,000 feet above sea level, often appears to merge with the surrounding hillside. On the surrounding hills, the Incas built ceremonial altars. Many of the buildings within Machu Picchu itself are believed to have served a religious or spiritual purpose. The Machu Picchu site has a complex design incorporating more than 200 separate buildings and structures, many of which are not well understood today.

Machu Picchu, located high in the Peruvian Andes, was built by the Incas around 1450, but abandoned only a century later due to the Spanish conquest. The site was largely forgotten to the outside world until rediscovered by American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911. Because the site was never plundered by European explorers, today it remains much the same as it did over five centuries ago.

To build the citadel of Machu Picchu, which is believed to be a royal estate, builders used materials from around the area, particularly stone blocks. These blocks were skillfully joined together without the use of mortar, a difficult feat. Some of these blocks weigh upwards of fifty tons, leading many to marvel at the skill of those responsible for the Machu Picchu architecture.

All of the buildings were constructed in the classic Incan architectural style, with irregular walls sloping gently from the base upwards. One feature visitors immediately notice about the current architecture of Machu Picchu is that none of the buildings are roofed. This is because the original roof would have been thatched; and has been gone for centuries.

Perhaps the most familiar icon of Peru, Machu Picchu was built as an estate for an Incan emperor. Built around AD 1450, it was abandoned about a century later due to the Spanish conquest. While locally known throughout the centuries, it was brought to the attention of the international world in 1911 by explorer Hiram Bingham.

Unlike many other ancient sites in Peru, the architecture of Machu Picchu remained relatively untouched throughout the centuries. Since its rediscovery, Machu Picchu has become one of the top tourist destinations in all of South America.

The site of Machu Picchu is separated into two distinct areas. The agricultural sector is known for its terraces and open spaces. According to the evidence provided by Machu Picchu architecture, crops such as potatoes and maize were planted here. The urban area, featuring residences and streets, is large enough that up to 1,200 people could have once occupied this site.

At Machu Picchu, visitors can spot more than a hundred stairways, including several with more than a hundred steps. Several of the shorter staircases were carved entirely from a single granite boulder. Machu Picchu architecture also incorporates plenty of carved rock ponds and water fountains, known as pacchas, which are connected to one another through canals or channels set into the rocks.

Whether you choose to visit Machu Picchu on a guided tour or on your own, you'll enjoy breathtaking views of the Machu Picchu architecture, an impressive architectural achievement from centuries ago.

Machu Picchu Cusco Travel

Guided Trips to Machu Picchu
Choosing one of the tours of Machu Picchu will make you marvel with the Lost city of the Incas, the Sacsaywaman fortress, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of Wiracocha, Cusco Cathedral, Lares and its lost comunities, etc.

Inca Trail Holiday Tours
An inca trail holiday will impress you with great lakes, snow-capped mountains, vast valleys and Inca ruins.

Temple of the Sun Machu Picchu
The Temple of the Sun Machu Picchu is among the many intact remnants of Inca culture that can be seen in Peru.

Machu Picchu Tourism
Machu Picchu tourism is an amazing experience, one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of South American civilization.

Visiting Machu Picchu

If you are planing to travel to Machu Picchu, "The Lost City of the Incas", prepare your soul for an idyllic dream.
Explore the sacred valleys, mountains, temples, ruins and trails. Try to find answers to the enigma around The lost city of the Incas, a misterious city. Roads, steps, fountains, temples and spectacular views are just a sample of what you will find when travelling to Machu Picchu.

Travel to Machu Picchu

Facts Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, is nestled 7,500 feet above sea level in the Andean mountain range above the Urubamba valley.
Many questions remain unanswered but here are a few generally accepted ideas about this ancient city on a mountain peak. Like the pyramids of Egypt, it was created using massive stones hauled over great distances. Inca structures were highly resistant to earthquakes and it’s one of the reasons Machu Picchu is still standing today.

Facts Machu Picchu

The Inca Trail

The Inca Trail is a mountainous jungle hike that take you to the Lost City of the Incas. It is usually covered in 4 days (about 45 Kilometers) arriving at Machu Picchu on the final day before returning to Cusco.
You will reach altitudes of 4200m and enjoy spectacular views along the way. It is rated moderate so any person reasonably fit will be able to cover the route. Probably one of the most significant features of Machu Picchu history is the architecture.

Machu Picchu Trail

Ancient Machu Picchu

The site of Machu Picchu has been described as an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization. It is without a doubt one of the most worthy and possibly life changing sites there is in the world.

Ancient Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Architecture

The sprawling complex of Machu Picchu architecture, at an elevation of nearly 8,000 feet above sea level, often appears to merge with the surrounding hillside.

Machu Picchu Architecture

Machu Picchu Inca

Based on evidence, it has been suggested that the Machu Picchu Inca Citadel was built for the Inca emperor Pachacuti, however there are other various theories on the purpose of the site including one that suggests it was a settlement built to control the economy of the Inca regions.

Machu Picchu Inca

Hiram Bingham, Machu Picchu founder

Hiram Bingham was born on the 19th of November, 1875. He went on to become an academic, working in Universities such as Princeton and later Yale, where he was appointed lecturer in South American history.

Bingham Machu Picchu

Huayna Picchu

Huayna Picchu or Wayna Picchu is one of the famous mountain images in the world. With a height of 2667 meters above sea level, it beautifully raises over Machu Picchu.
The most interesting thing here is the view of the Lost City of the Incas and the Urubamba river to the bottom of the Canyon, you can even hear its turbulent waters from such a high altitude.

Huayna Picchu

Machu Picchu Weather

Machu Picchu weather is divided between dry and wet seasons. Most of the annual rainfall occurs from October to April, although it is not unusual for the summertime Machu Picchu weather to include rainstorms.

Machu Picchu Weather

Cusco to Machu Picchu Train

Many people choose to hike the Inca Trail to get to Machu Picchu, but many more are limited by time so they choose to take the train (It's a 70 mile-112 km ride). The train sets out for Machu Picchu and arrives in Aguas Calientes. There is a shorter route that also leads to the lost city of the Incas, it is the Ollanta route, and begins in the main intermediate station, Ollanta.

Machu Picchu Train

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