"Your Guide to the Inca Empire"
About Peru History

Peru Arequipa, The White City

Peru Arequipa
Nocturnal Plaza De Armas and Cathedral in Arequipa, Peru


Archaeologists have discovered that people have inhabited the fertile valleys of Peru Arequipa since 5000-6000 BCE. In the fifteenth century, the area was occupied by the Aymara Indians. It was conquered by the Inca, and then it supplied agrarian products to the Empire of the Inca. The city itself was founded in 1540, by an emissary of Francisco Pizarro, a now-famous Spanish conquistador.



A year later, the King of Spain gave Arequipa the title of "city", and presented it with the coat of arms that is still used today. You can see the Spanish influence when you look at the architecture and the relics in the area.

These things serve to remind the visitors of the colonial past of the city. As the demographics changed, Peru Arequipa developed a larger mestizo population. But, since the 1940's, immigration from the Peruvian sierra has changed the cultural and demographic character of the city.

Arequipa stayed mainly isolated during the early republican and colonial times, but all that was changed in 1870, when the railroad from Mollendo opened trade to the Pacific Ocean. More roads were built, more structures designed, and they developed a link to the Pan-American Highway. This linked Arequipa more effectively with other areas of the Americas. And now, it's a center of commerce between southern Peru and Lima.

Peru Arequipa
El Misti: the volcano above the city of Arequipa, Perù

When Peru struggled to break away from Spain early in the nineteenth century, Arequipa was seen as a bastion of nationalism. It was a rallying place during the War with Chile, also known as the War of the Pacific. Arequipa has a long history of earthquakes. In 1868, an earthquake killed more than 10,000 people and nearly destroyed the town. In June of 2001, 24 people in the city died and the city was badly damaged by a quake that measured 7.9 on the Richter scale. Repair to the city was done and the people moved on. Daily maintenance of the city helps keep Arequipa clean in and out of its buildings and streets.

Arequipa also has known internal strife. The town was paralyzed for seven days during riots and strikes after the government privatized two of the regional electricity generating plants. Peru Arequipa is the center of economic forward movement in southern Peru, and is one of the most important producers of milk in the country. It is valuable for its commerce of today, and its stories of yesterday.

Peru Arequipa Video


Related Information

Arequipa Peru Travel Tours
Surrounded by peaks over 5,000 meters high and guarded by Misti, a 5,874 meters high volcano, it's geography starts with the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest canyons in the world and the best place to spot condors in their natural environment.

Peru Colca Canyon
Reportedly, Peru Colca Canyon is the deepest canyon in the world. It's so deep, in fact, that it is believed to be twice as deep as the United States' Grand Canyon. You can access Peru Colca Canyon from Arequipa.

Visiting Arequipa
The Historic Centre in Arequipa, the Santa Catalina monastery and the Jesuits Architectural Complex are some of the more interesting spots you might want to visit as you travel in the Arequipa area.

Peru Arequipa
Archaeologists have discovered that people have inhabited the fertile valleys of Peru Arequipa since 5000-6000 BCE. In the fifteenth century, the area was occupied by the Aymara Indians.





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Peru Vacation Package Options

Must See
Peru Attractions are a treasure chest full of natural, historical, and cultural legacy. You could spend months in this country and still not see everything.

Trips to Machu Picchu
Choosing one of the tours of Machu Picchu will make you marvel with the Lost city of the Incas, the Sacsaywaman fortress, the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of Wiracocha, Cusco Cathedral, Lares and its lost comunities, etc.

Machu Picchu Tourism
Machu Picchu tourism is an amazing experience, one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of South American civilization.

Inca Trail Holiday
Great lakes, snow-capped mountains, vast valleys and Inca ruins. The inca trail has stretches of stone stairs, with wooden bridges and tunnels dug into the rock.

City Tour Lima
A city tour Lima, the City of Kings and capital of Peru will impress you with its Pre-Inca pyramids surrounding the city, beautiful beaches, good museums, an active nightlife, fun bars, great restaurants, and the charisma of its people.

Arequipa Peru Travel
Surrounded by peaks over 5,000 meters high and guarded by Misti, a 5,874 meters high volcano, it's geography starts with the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest canyons in the world and the best place to spot condors in their natural environment.

Travel Lake Titicaca Puno
Travel to Lake Titicaca is a unique experience, It is the largest lake in South America (water volume), and based on Incan mythology, the creator god Viracocha rose up from Puno Lake Titicaca to create the sun, moon, stars and human life.

Tambopata Rainforest Travel
The Tambopata Rainforest amazing biodiversity, is considered to be a privileged spot for wildlife observation. This pristine jungle offers the visitor an incredible variety of activities, such as treks through primary forests, or canoe rides on oxbow lakes to observe nature.

Manu Travel
The Manu Travel Social Program takes place in one of the most natural and culturally diverse areas on earth, the Manu National Park declared by the UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve.

Surfing the Central and North Coast
Surfing Peru means you will find world class spots to experience waves from every size.

Best of Peru
The best of Peru can be found in various locations, each with its own magic. Iquitos, Machu Picchu, Nazca, Mancora Beach, Inca Trail, Colca Canyon, Huacachina and Taquile Island are some examples.

Peru Coast
Peru Coast is one of the most enthralled and amazing interface of land and sea in the world. The Peruvian coast line stretch from north to south.

Peru Visa
All travelers need passports which must have validity for at least 90 days, but six months validity time period is more appropriate for the visitors to move to another region.






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Inca Peru History and Travel

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