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Peru Colca Canyon
The deepest in the world

Peru Colca Canyon
Waiting to see the Condor flight, Colca Canyon

Reportedly, Peru Colca Canyon is the deepest canyon in the world. It's so deep, in fact, that it is believed to be twice as deep as the United States' Grand Canyon. Unlike most areas of the Grand Canyon, however, some areas of the Colca Canyon can be inhabited, with terraced fields from pre-Colombian times still being worked as agricultural lands.



The river known as Colca starts high up in the Andes Mountains. It drops toward the Pacific Ocean in various stages. The name it's known by changes as it nears the ocean, to Majes and then to Camana. When it branches through the tiny villages, Chivay to Cabaconde, it follows a deep canyon that is called the Colca Canyon.

Peru Colca Canyon
Terraces, Colca Canyon


More visitors come to see the Colca Canyon recently, to catch a view of the Andean condors. Their population in South America has been dwindling for some time, but in the Colca area, tourists can see them as close as anyone probably can, as they ride the thermals and search for food below them. The valley and river were known by the Incas and those who came before them.

The Spaniards laid out districts in the valley, probably planning to use it as a route to Cusco and other cities. They also built churches in the valleys, but the towns never prospered, and the route is now hidden to all but scholars who study the early years. In the 1930's, Peru Colca Canyon was re-explored by the American Geographical Society.

Peru Colca Canyon
The magnificent Condor flight, Colca Canyon


The valley has been called many different things, including The Territory of the Condor, the Valley of Fire and the Lost Valley of the Incas. Some have even called it one of the Seven Wonders of the World. When a hydroelectric project began in the 1980's, roads from Colca opened it to the cities outside its immediate area. Visitors are especially attracted to the vision of how life used to be in a simpler time. This world existed virtually in isolation for many years.

You can access Peru Colca Canyon from Arequipa, which is Peru's second largest city. It's sometimes referred to as the White City, since white volcanic ash stone was used in the buildings. Tourists often visit Colca Canyon after staying a night over in Chivay. In this way, they become accustomed to the altitude before they set out to see the canyon.

Peru Colca Canyon Video

Flight of some beautiful condors in the Colca Canyon. An excellent moment spent on the top of the Colca canyon watching these big condors.


Related Information

Arequipa Peru Travel Tours
Surrounded by peaks over 5,000 meters high and guarded by Misti, a 5,874 meters high volcano, it's geography starts with the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest canyons in the world and the best place to spot condors in their natural environment.

Peru Colca Canyon
Reportedly, Peru Colca Canyon is the deepest canyon in the world. It's so deep, in fact, that it is believed to be twice as deep as the United States' Grand Canyon. You can access Peru Colca Canyon from Arequipa.

Visiting Arequipa
The Historic Centre in Arequipa, the Santa Catalina monastery and the Jesuits Architectural Complex are some of the more interesting spots you might want to visit as you travel in the Arequipa area.

Peru Arequipa
Archaeologists have discovered that people have inhabited the fertile valleys of Peru Arequipa since 5000-6000 BCE. In the fifteenth century, the area was occupied by the Aymara Indians.





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