"Your Guide to the Inca Empire"
About Peru History

Peru Puno

Mirador Kuntur Wasi, Peru Puno
Mirador Kuntue Wasi © Aldo Hernan

Peru Puno is an area in the southeastern part of the country. The capital is the city of the same name, which sits on Lake Titicaca, in an area known as high sierra or Altiplano. The Puno area can be found on the Collao Plateau. The western part of the lake is located there, as well.



Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake on earth. About seventy percent of the region is made up of the Andean Mountains, and Amazon rainforest covers the rest. Puno's predominant climate is cooler and dry, with a rainy season that lasts four months. But the rainforest's climate is warm. The resources of water come from 300 rivers, 50 lagoons and Lake Titicaca. Underground water is also important.

Puno Cathedral
Puno Cathedral

Tourism has not always flourished in the Peru Puno area, but it is expanding there. There are tour operators to help show visitors the most interesting parts of the area, and the area hotels run the gamut from high-end hotels to lower-budget hostels. In the oldest of times, the Aymara groups inhabited the Collao plateau.

The Quechuas didn't arrive until later. These times coincide with the legends about Mama Ocllo and Manco Capac, who supposedly emerged from Lake Titicaca's waters to found the Empire of the Incas. The culture of the Aymara was the most influential and significant culture of the area.

Reed Boats, Peru Puno
Reed Boats, Peru Puno

During the Viceroyship, Peru Puno was the main passable route for those who traveled to Potosi, Bolivia. San Juan Bautista de Puno was established as the capital of the Paucercolla province. Later, it was referred to as San Carlos de Puno, to honor the king at that time, Spain's Charles II. In 2007, there was a meteor strike on the Puno area. It ruptured a naturally occurring arsenic deposit, which made the locals sick.

The president of the region, Hernan Fuentes, declared in March 2008 that he will push for Puno to secede from Peru, and will set out to establish an independent state. He promotes the coco leaf cultivation - this leaf is used to make cocaine. The Prime Minister of Peru at that time said that breaking Puno from Peru was a seditious act. Officials in the Peruvian government allege that Fuentes is close in his ideology to the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, and also to Evo Morales, who is the president of Bolivia.

Puno Peru Hotels

If you are planning to visit Puno, Lake Titicaca, Uros Islands or other beautiful locations in the area, you will probably stay in Puno. Book your hotel in advance, there are lovely hotels within the region, you can search Puno Peru Hotels below (cheap and expensive).

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Related Information

Travel Lake Titicaca Puno Tours
Travel to Lake Titicaca is a unique experience, It is the largest lake in South America (water volume), and based on Incan mythology, the creator god Viracocha rose up from Puno Lake Titicaca to create the sun, moon, stars and human life.

Peru Puno
The Peru Puno area can be found on the Collao Plateau. Puno sits on Lake Titicaca, the western part of the lake is located there and seventy percent of the region is made up of the Andean Mountains, the Amazon rainforest covers the rest.

Lake Titicaca
Peru Titicaca Lake or Lake Titikaka is located high in the amazing Andes Mountains on the border of Bolivia and Peru. It sits 3,812 m (12,500 ft) above sea level and it is also the largest lake in South America (water volume).

Uros Islands
Uros Islands are located just five kilometers west from Puno port, they sit at 3810 meters above sea level. It is a group of forty-two floating man-made islets in Lake Titicaca, Peru.

Lake Titicaca Travel
The legend tell us, it was here that the first Inca king, Manco Capac, was born. Manco Capac would create the Kingdom of Cusco, where the Inca Empire started.



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