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Peru Titicaca Lake

Puno Lake Titicaca, Peru

Puno Lake Titicaca, The Highest Navigable Lake in the World

Peru Titicaca Lake or Lake Titikaka is located high in the amazing Andes Mountains on the border of Bolivia and Peru. It sits 3,812 m (12,500 ft) above sea level and it is also the largest lake in South America (water volume). The western part of the lake lies within the Puno Region of Peru, and the eastern side is located in the Bolivian La Paz Department.



Based on Incan mythology, the creator god Viracocha rose up from Puno Lake Titicaca to create the sun, moon, stars and human life.

The History of Lake Titicaca Peru

Inca Myth tell us that Viracocha came out of the Peru Titicaca Lake to create the world. He created the first human beings (Mallku Kapac and Mama Ocllo) from stones. The Lake, is where the Incas were born, it is believed that their spirits come back to the lake after death.

There was an expedition in 2000, where an ancient temple was founded submerged in the depths of Lake Titicaca, it is a massive structure and it probably is around 1500 years old. Peru and Bolivia Goverments are asking for funds to continue studying the ruins.

Puno Lake Titicaca, Peru

The origin of the name Titicaca is unknown, it is called "Rock Puma", probably because of its resemblance to the shape of a puma hunting a rabbit.

Lake Titicaca Map

When You look at the Lake Titicaca Map, you see that it is located in two countries (Peru and Bolivia) and it is separated into two sub-basins. The water in Lake Titicaca comes from rainfall and meltwater. Glaciers in the Andean mountains and throughout the area feed five major rivers that end at the lake. About other twenty smaller rivers also end at the lake, therefore, the water is quite cold and quiet.

Lake Titicaca Map
Lake Titicaca Map, Peru - Bolivia

Peru Titicaca Islands

Lake Titicaca Peru Peru Titicaca Lake

Uros

It is a group of more than 42 islands made of floating reeds, it has become a major tourist destination, the excursions start at the lakeside city of Puno. Many of the islands contain watchtowers largely constructed of reeds.

Amantaní

It is a small island inhabited by about 900 families living in six villages within the circular 15 square kilometres (6 sq mi) island.

Taquile

It is a hilly island located 35 kilometres east of Puno. It is narrow and long and was used as a prison during the Spanish Colony and into the 20th century. Pre-Inca ruins are found on the highest part of the island, and agricultural terraces on hillsides.

Peru Titicaca Lake

Isla del Sol - Island of the sun

It is located on the Bolivian side of the lake and one of the lake's largest islands, there are regular boat links to the Bolivian town of Copacabana, Isla del Sol ("Island of the sun").

Isla de la Luna - Island of the Moon

Isla de la Luna is situated east from the bigger Isla del Sol. According to legends that refer to Inca mythology Isla de la Luna (moon in Spanish) is where Viracocha commanded the rising of the moon. Ruins of a supposed Inca nunnery occupy the oriental shore.

Suriqui

It is located in the Bolivian part of lake Titicaca (in the southeastern part also known as lake Huiñamarca).

Puno Lake Titicaca Video


Puno Peru Hotels

If you are planning to visit Puno, Lake Titicaca, Uros Islands or other beautiful locations in the area, you will probably stay in Puno. Book your hotel in advance, there are lovely hotels within the region, you can search Puno Peru Hotels below (cheap and expensive).

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Related Information

Travel Lake Titicaca Puno Tours
Travel to Lake Titicaca is a unique experience, It is the largest lake in South America (water volume), and based on Incan mythology, the creator god Viracocha rose up from Puno Lake Titicaca to create the sun, moon, stars and human life.

Peru Puno
The Peru Puno area can be found on the Collao Plateau. Puno sits on Lake Titicaca, the western part of the lake is located there and seventy percent of the region is made up of the Andean Mountains, the Amazon rainforest covers the rest.

Lake Titicaca
Peru Titicaca Lake or Lake Titikaka is located high in the amazing Andes Mountains on the border of Bolivia and Peru. It sits 3,812 m (12,500 ft) above sea level and it is also the largest lake in South America (water volume).

Uros Islands
Uros Islands are located just five kilometers west from Puno port, they sit at 3810 meters above sea level. It is a group of forty-two floating man-made islets in Lake Titicaca, Peru.

Lake Titicaca Travel
The legend tell us, it was here that the first Inca king, Manco Capac, was born. Manco Capac would create the Kingdom of Cusco, where the Inca Empire started.



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