"Your Guide to the Inca Empire"
About Peru History

Facts About Peru History and Travel
The Inca Civilization , Art, Culture and much more!

Machu Picchu, Peru

What do you know about Peru history? I’m willing to bet that you may know a little about the Inca or maybe even the Spanish conquistadors but not much beyond that. When did these people live and how did their cultures develop?

Peru History is one of the world's greatest when it comes to ancient civilizations. Their cultural, archeological and unique heritage impress visitors from all over the world.

I was lucky enough to live in Peru for 20 years and would love to share with you all the experiences and beautiful places I discovered during that time as well as my passion for Peru history and culture.

First, let me talk you through a few basic facts:

Peru is, of course, located in South America and is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

The diversity of its regions (coast, highlands and jungle) makes Peru a unique country. It has a population of more than 23 million people, mainly descendents of Spanish and Inca cultures. The most common language is Spanish. Quechua and Aymara are spoken by a minority of locals.

But enough with the basic stuff; let’s get to something a little more substantial about Peru History

Machu Picchu

Machu Peru Picchu One of the most visited historical monuments in Peru. People travel from all the corners of the world just to see one of the wonders of the world.

Nobody has been able yet to solve the mystery about how the transportation of huge blocks of limestone to the top of the mountain was made for the construction of the city.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style. It was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. It is also one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

The Incas believed the spirits of their creator resided in the natural elements—the sun, the moon, the earth, trees, etc—and they built nearly indescribable temples and other ritual places to honor these spirits, including many at Machu Picchu.

If you are planning to visit this marvel of Peru history, I suggest you go for more than one day if possible. You will NEVER forget it!

Flights to Peru usually arrive in the capital city of Lima, Jorge Chavez Airport can be reached easily from most places in the world as various international airlines operate scheduled flights from here.

Inca Civilization

The Inca Civilization

The Inca civilization began as a tribe in the Cusco area and it seems that the Incas came from an arid zone in the central Andes. For some unknown reasons, left their land searching for new territories in which to settle.

When they arrived in Cuzco, decided to settle there. The main reason was good fertile land and they felt protected among the mountains from potential enemies.

Cuzco is a rich Andean valley surrounded by impressive mountains that rise over 3,000 meters above sea level.

Find out more about the Inca Civilization

Geography of Peru

Nazca Line Drawings

Nazca Line Drawings

The Nazca Lines in Peru are one of the world’s best known and most controversial mysteries.

There are many theories about why they were created: as an astronomical observatory, a calendar, underground water supplies mapping, as spiritual pathways or as landing marks for UFO´s (you can only see them from the air).

What was the reason for this messages to future generations?.

A german researcher, Dr. Maria Reiche, studied the Nazca line drawings for 50 years.

She explains how these lines were used by ancient peruvian astronomers as if they were a gigantic solar and lunar calendar, nestled in the sand, legends and myths of the locals.

Nazca Lines in Peru
For nature fans, I can think of few places better than Peru to experience a wide range of climates and geographical features. How many places on earth can you trek through hot, humid jungles one day, and cold arid glaciers the next? The geography of Peru is truly a wonder. When it comes to location, this country has it all!

There are three natural zones:

  • The Coast
  • The region of the Coast, where the capital Lima is located, is a narrow coastal plain crossed by mostly desert and fertile valleys. Here are agricultural plantations of cotton, sugar and rice, as well as most of the country's oil.

  • The Highlands
  • The Highlands, part of the Andes, has some peaks above the 6,000 metres. In this area, there are the mineral resources of the country: silver, zinc, lead, copper and gold.

  • The Amazon forest
  • The Amazon forest located in the eastern part of Peru has vast natural resources, but due to the lack of communication and transport infrastructure meant that this region wasn't exploited until the seventies. In 1973 began the extraction of oil on a large scale.

    Mountains, plains, jungles, valleys, unique habitats and an extraordinary variety of eco-systems that shelter a wide diversity of plants and animals are part of the beautiful geography of Peru .

    Peru Geography details

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    About Peru History, Your Guide to the Inca Empire!

    Peru History is best known because the country was the home of the Inca empire. Find out everything about Peru history, geography, people, cities, food, culture, attractions, travel and much more!.

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    Maria Parado de Bellido

    Andrea Maria Parado de Bellido was born in Huamanga, Ayacucho, July 5, 1777. When she was only 15 years old, she married Mariano Bellido and had 7 children.

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    Manco Inca Yupanqui

    Manco Inca Yupanqui was born in 1515 in Cusco for some people, for others in Tiahuanaco. His parents were the Emperor Huayna Capac and the Coya Mama Runtu. As a member of the Inca royalty, he was raised by great amautas in the Yachayhuasi of the imperial capital.

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    Santa Rosa de Lima

    Santa Rosa de Lima day is celebrated on August 30th as a tribute to the woman who 400 years ago surprised Lima by its immense religious faith and vocation of service to the most needed people. Today, she is considered the patroness of the Republic of Peru, the National Police and the Nurses. And her home is one of the most important sanctuaries of America.

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    Alpacas in Peru

    Alpacas in Peru inhabit the high Andes above 3,800 m. The alpaca is an animal with an harmonious fine walk and slender body covered with a fiber called vellon. Its main production is the fiber, that has various colors.

    Continue reading "Alpacas in Peru"

    Christmas in Peru

    Christmas in Peru is characterized by a family get together on christmas eve to have dinner with food that is very typical of this date, after dinner, family members give presents to each other and celebrate together. Christmas is the main festival of the Christian calendar in Peru.

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    Yurimaguas Peru

    The District of Yurimaguas Peru, is located in the Huallaga River drainage system. It has an area of more than 2.500 km2 with an estimated population of 61.968 inhabitants (2005). Yurimaguas is the first district in economic importance of the province of Upper Amazon.

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    Miguel Grau

    (Miguel Grau Seminario, Paita, 1834 - Punta Angamos, 1879) Marino and Peruvian military, naval heroe of the Battle of Angamos. Miguel Grau was son of

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    Callao Peru

    Callao Peru is regarded by many people as a seaside suburb of Lima, in fact, it is certainly a city but can not avoid being overshadowed by its proximity to the capital of Peru, Lima. However, touristic infrastructure in Callao, is well developed and the charm of the surrounding sandy beaches is evident.

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    Peru Independence

    Peru Independence from Spanish rule and any other foreign domination was declared on July 28 1821. The Liberation Army of Peru left the port of Valparaiso, on August 20, 1820. The expedition consisted of 4118 men.

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    John Pescoran - Painter

    John Pescoran is a Peruvian American surreal pop artist (or just pop artist) who was born in Lima, Peru in 1980. John Pescoran is a notable and prolific

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    Cesar Vallejo

    Cesar Vallejo was a great poet from Peru. He studied at the National University of San Marcos in Lima, 1916. He wrote Los Heraldos Negros , one of the

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    Peru History APP

    Travel to Machu Picchu

    Machu Picchu, Peru

    If you are visiting this stunning historical site, the months of May until October are probably better because the weather is drier.

    Travel to Machu Picchu

    Visiting Peru?

    Peru vacation packages, travel and other options like eco adventure, bird watching, trekking, jungle expeditions, social programs, travel requirements - tips, etc.

    Peru Travel Info

    Peru Attractions

    Peru is a treasure chest full of natural, historical, and cultural attractions. You could spend months in this country and still not see everything.

    Top 5 Peru attractions

    Rent property in Majorca - Mallorca
    Visiting Mallorca?
    Known by its natives as Mallorca, Majorca is a wonderful island which can be found on the Mediterranean Sea. It is in fact the largest island in Spain’s Balearic Islands archipelago.

    Rent property in Majorca from our wide selection of flats, villas, apartments and hotels in beautiful Mallorca .

    Peruvian Inca Art

    Peruvian Art

    Religious artwork in gold and silver, polychrome and monochrome ceramics, textiles, architecture, sculptures and paintings.

    The peruvian inca art is such a diverse one, with many colors, shapes and creativity.

    Peru Climate

    The vast geography of Peru justifies its 28 types of weather (out of 32). In other words, you can come across hot deserts, dry forests and icy mountains among others.

    More about Peru Climate

    Santa Rosa de Lima

    Santa Rosa de Lima

    Santa Rosa de Lima day is celebrated on August 30th as a tribute to the woman who surprised Lima 400 years ago by her immense religious faith and vocation of service to the most needed people.

    Map of Peru

    Map of Peru

    Peru’s geography is broken up into three basic regions: the Amazon Basin, the coastal region, and the Andean mountain ranges.

    Locate Peru cities and main areas.

    Peru Flag

    Peruvian Flag
    Did you know some people say the colours of the Peruvian flag come from a dream about flamingos?

    Latest News
    Latest News


    Inca Civilization

    The Inca Civilization lasted for three hundred years from the 13th to the 16th century. What we know about the Incas has been pieced together from archaeological evidence and the oral history still present in Peru.

    Inca Civilization

    Peru Music

    Peru musical influence and instruments can be traced back to cultures established before the Incas dominance period in the 1400´s.

    Peru Music

    Peru Food

    Peruvian Food

    The Peruvian cuisine is considered one of the most varied and rich in the world.

    Thanks to the pre-Incan and Inca heritage, and the Spanish, African, Chinese, Japanese and Italian immigration (mainly in the nineteenth century), peruvian food mixes fabulous and exquisite flavors from four continents.

    Alpacas in Peru

    Alpacas in Peru

    Alpacas inhabit the high Andes above 3,800 m. The alpaca is an animal with an harmonious fine walk and slender body covered with a fiber called vellon.

    Inca Peru History and Travel

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